Sunday, July 30, 2017

Ruling on eating the turtle, alligator, sea horse, and hedgehog

Eating fish without slaughtering them
(Part No. 22Page No. 318)
Fatwa no. 11389
Q: I read in a local newspaper that eating fish without slaughtering them is considered Haram (prohibited); is this correct? Bear in mind that everyone in the Islamic and Arab communities eats fish without slaughtering them.
A: What you read about the obligation of slaughtering fish is not correct. It is permissible to eat fish without slaughtering them, because when the Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked about purification with sea water, he said (peace be upon him), “Its water is a purifier and its Maytah (dead sea creatures) are Halal.”
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.


The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'


MemberDeputy ChairmanChairman
`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan`Abdul-Razzaq `Afify`Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz


Ruling on eating the turtle, alligator, sea horse, and hedgehog
Fatwa no. 11126
Q: What is the ruling on eating the meat of some animals that live in the sea, such as turtles and shrimps, and the meat of some animals that live on land, such as the zebra?
A: It is permissible to eat turtles and shrimps, as it was authentically reported that when the Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked about sea water, he said, “Its water is a purifier and its Maytah (dead sea creatures) are Halal.” Similarly, it is permissible to eat the meat of zebra, as the prohibition is regarding
(Part No. 22Page No. 319)
the domesticated donkeys.
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.


The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'


MemberDeputy ChairmanChairman
`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan`Abdul-Razzaq `Afify`Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz
To eat turtles and shrimps
The eighth question of Fatwa no. 5394
Q 8: Is it Halal (lawful) to eat the meat of the following creatures: turtles, seahorses, crocodiles, and hedgehogs, or not?
A: It is Halal to eat the meat of the hedgehog, as understood from the general meaning of the Ayah (Qur’anic verse): Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): "I find not in that which has been revealed to me anything forbidden to be eaten by one who wishes to eat it, unless it be Maitah (a dead animal) or blood poured forth (by slaughtering or the like), or the flesh of swine (pork); for that surely is impure or impious (unlawful) meat (of an animal) which is slaughtered as a sacrifice for others than Allâh (or has been slaughtered for idols, or on which Allâh’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering). Also, the basic ruling is permissibility unless something is confirmed that changes it to prohibition. As for the turtle, some scholars say it is permissible to eat, even if it is not slaughtered, as understood from the general meaning of Allah’ Saying: Lawful to you is (the pursuit of) water-game and its use for food Also, when the Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked about the sea water, he said, “Its water is a purifier and its Maytah (dead sea creatures) are Halal.” However, it is preferable to slaughter them to avoid the difference among scholars. As for the crocodile, it is said that this can be eaten like fish, according to the general meaning of the Ayahs
(Part No. 22Page No. 320)
and the Hadith mentioned above. Some say that it is not lawful to eat it as it is a predatory animal with fangs, but the preponderant opinion is the first one. As for the seahorse, it is lawful to eat according to the general meaning of the Ayahs and the Hadith mentioned above. There is no opposing opinion on this, and, as it is Halal to eat horses that live on the land, it is even more so for those that live in the sea.
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta'


MemberDeputy ChairmanChairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud`Abdul-Razzaq `Afify`Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz


















Tuesday, July 18, 2017

12 bad habits that drain your energy and how to quit them

12 bad habits that drain your energy and how to quit them

Being carefree, joyful, and full of life isn’t about your age, credit score, or the number of likes your posts get on Instagram. If you feel drained and burned out, maybe you’ve slipped into some of these common bad habits that undermine your life satisfaction and suck up all your energy, leaving you tired and worn out. Luckily, you can always take a good hard look at yourself and make changes to improve your energy levels every day.
Here are the Top 12 bad habits that many people have that end up draining their energy (both spiritually and physically).

1. Be a lone wolf

Mental health professionals know social isolation can be as damaging to health as smoking cigarettes or obesity. In a study of older adults, researchers found that people who felt lonely or felt like they didn’t have a friend or loved one to rely on had lower quality mental and physical health. [1] While some prefer to roll solo, we all need a cheering section sometimes. Invest in your relationships with people who care about your well-being and want to see you succeed.

2. Settle

‘Cognitive dissonance’ is the state of having conflicting beliefs and thoughts about a situation or choice you’ve made. It leads to ongoing mental stress. [2] Granted, life isn’t always perfect, and making compromises is a natural and healthy part of moving through life. However, thinking “this is the best I’ll ever get” or “I don’t deserve any better” is holding you back. Don’t be afraid to make bold decisions and change things that aren’t working.

3. Don’t have boundaries

Too often, we feel bad or guilty for saying “no” when someone asks a favor, invites us to something, or wants to borrow something. Don’t be afraid to answer truthfully. While we all have a few not-so-fun responsibilities, there’s no reason to agree to something you know you’ll be stressing about later.

4. Live beyond your means

empty-wallet
We’ve all done it. The paycheck is coming in next week, so we pull out the credit card and promise to pay it off later. Spending money you don’t have, even if you just don’t have it yet,leads to nagging worry and doubts. Free yourself: let your wallet live in the present, not the future.

5. Hold grudges

Advice columnist Ann Landers wrote, “holding onto resentment is like letting someone you despise live rent-free in your head.” Not only rent-free, there’s a utility bill too — your energy. Forgive and forget.

6. Overcommit your time

Always make a little space for yourself in your schedule. Unplug and use the time for naps, meditation, reading, or hobbies. Don’t you get excited just thinking about it?

7. Eat junk food

woman-eating-junkfood
Eating junk food, especially sugary drinks and treats, releases a hit of dopamine in the brain. It’s the same chemical released when you use drugs, alcohol, or gamble. In other words, it’s highly addictive, making you want more and more. [3] Furthermore, the poor nutrition of fast food and packaged, processed products has a significant impact on your energy level. Instead, munch on healthy snacks and choose water when you can, instead of soda pop or juice. Get rid of it!

 8. Lurk social media

Increasingly, scientists, parents, and therapists see how spending too much time on social media leads to depression, social anxiety, and loneliness in teens and young adults. [4] On Facebook and Instagram, everyone presents a polished, perfect life. Our own lives behind the screen seem dull and sad — even as we filter and curate our images to seem perfect and polished to everyone else. Social media is a great tool, but be wary of spending too much time on it. Check out more on the risks of social media.

9. Charge your phone by your bed

No, it’s not because of cell radiation nuking your brain. When it’s late at night and you can’t sleep, the temptation to roll over and check your phone is tough to resist. However, turning to devices when you’re not sleepy may turn your restlessness into insomnia. [5] The mental stimulation and bright blue light mess with your circadian rhythm, the body’s sleep clock. A good way to resist the temptation is to dock your phone in another room altogether.

10. Be a couch potato

Remember how junk food releases dopamine into the brain, which feels good and gives you a temporary boost? Well, exercise has been proven to do the same, except it’s good for you! Sometimes known as a ‘runner’s high,’ working out gives a brief chemical boost to the brain. [6] Additionally, being fit means your body works more efficiently, meaning your energy lasts longer.

11. Complain

Positive thinking powerfully benefits your mental health and sense of well-being. [7] Focusing on the negative drags you down. Let it go and smile!

12. Stagnate

Lastly, sometimes it feels like you’re doing the same thing, day in, day out. We all know the feeling: eat, sleep, work, repeat. Break out of the routine and try something new. Travel, even if it’s just to a new restaurant or park. Try new things. Little changes can make you feel a lot more fulfilled. If this article inspires you, check out these 22 things happy people do every day.

Friday, June 16, 2017

Ruling On Zakat-Ul-Fitr

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
Ruling On Zakat-Ul-Fitr
The fifth question of Fatwa no. 5733
Q 5: Is it an authentic Hadith that says: “The Sawm (Fasting) of Ramadan is not raised (to Allah) until Zakat-ul-Fitr (obligatory charity paid before the Festival of Breaking the Fast) is paid”? Is Zakat-ul-Fitr obligatory on a fasting Muslim who is needy and does not have the Nisab (the minimum amount on which Zakah is due) based on the authenticity of the previous Hadith or other Islamic textual evidence authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him)?
A:Zakat-ul-Fitr is obligatory on every Muslim who should be self-supporting if he has one Sa‘ (1 Sa‘ = 2.172 kg) or more in excess of his and his family’s need on the day and night of ‘Eid-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast). This is based on the Hadith authentically reported on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both) who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) enjoined the payment of one Sa‘ of dates or one Sa‘ of barley as Zakat-ul-Fitr on every Muslim slave or free, male or female, young or old, and he ordered that it be paid before the people go out to offer ‘Eid Prayer.
(Part No. 9; Page No. 365)
(Related by both Al-Bukhari and Muslim and the wording is that of Al-Bukhari)
Moreover, Abu Sa‘id Al-Khudry (may Allah be pleased with him) is reported to have said: We used to pay Zakat-ul-Fitr as one Sa‘ of food, or one Sa‘ of dried dates, or one Sa‘ of barley, or one Sa‘ of raisins, or one Sa‘ of curd during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him). (Related by both Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
It will also suffice to discharge the obligation by giving a Sa‘ of the local staple food such as rice and the like. Sa‘ here means the Sa‘ of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), which is four handfuls scooped up with the two hands of an average built man. Accordingly, a person who does not pay Zakat-ul-Fitr is sinful and has to make up for it. With regard to the Hadith you have mentioned, we know nothing to the effect of its authenticity.
We ask Allah to guide you and to make our words and deeds and yours righteous.
May Allah grant us success! May blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!
Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
MemberMemberDeputy ChairmanChairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan`Abdul-Razzaq `Afify`Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz
Source : Fatwas of the Permanent Committee

Zakat-ul-Fitr Measurement Chart
A group of students of knowledge performed these measurements; among them was Shaykh Muhammad FerkousTaken from:
Type of Food Measurement Type of Food Measurement
Rice 2300 grams/5.07lbs Flour 2000 grams/4.40lbs
Raisins 1640 grams/3.61lbs Farina (a cerealfood) 1400 grams/3.08lbs
Dates 1800 grams/3.96lbs Beans 2060 grams/4.54lbs
Wheat 2040 grams/4.49lbs Green Peas 2240 grams/4.93lbs
Lentils 2100 grams/4.62lbs Couscous 1800 grams/3.96lbs
Chickpeas 2000 grams/4.40lbs Roasted Nuts 2000 grams/4.40lbs
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
أخوكم
أبو بلال نعيم بن عبد المجيد
(وفق الله الجميع للعلم النافع والعمل الصالح)
It is reported that Imâm Muhammad b. Sîrîn – Allâh have mercy on him – said:
“There were people who abandoned knowledge and sitting with the scholars, and [instead] took to their chambers and prayed until their skin dried [from exertion in worship]. Thereafter they began to contradict the Sunnah and thus were destroyed. By Allâh, never does a person act without knowledge, except that he spoils and corrupts more than he fixes and rectifies.{Al-Asbahânî, Al-Targhîb wa Al-Tarhîb 3:98}

Abu Mariyah Junaid Bin Munawar Bin Ali Al-Hindi
haqkidawat@gmail.com
Twitter : @haqkidawat
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Monday, June 5, 2017

Lessons on Fasting, Taraaweeh and Zakaat – Shaykh Uthaymeen

Lessons on Fasting, Taraaweeh and Zakaat – Shaykh Uthaymeen

October 1, 2014
AUTHOR: Imaam Muhammad bin Saalih Al-‘Uthaimeen
TRANSLATED: Al-Ibaanah Book Publishing
PRODUCED BY: Al-Ibaanah.com
About the Book:
This is a complete translation of the booklet Fusool fis-Siyaam war-Taraweeh waz-Zakaat (Lessons on Fasting, Taraaweeh and Zakaat) written by Imaam Muhammad bin Saalih Al Uthaimeen, may Allaah have mercy on him. The source used for this on-line publication was the version of the book available on binothaimeen.org.
In this treatise, Imaam Ibn Al-Uthaimeen discusses various topics concerning Ramadaan, such as fasting, the Taraaweeh prayer and Zakaat-ul-Fitr. He also includes two sections on Zakaat and those who are entitled to receive it since it is the custom of many people to give out their yearly Zakaat during this blessed month of Ramadaan.
The author presents the material broken down into eight short lessons, including proofs and evidences for his points. At times, he goes into detail regarding some issues and gives the correct scholarly opinion with regard to them.
We hope that this treatise can benefit the English speaking Muslims as we are now well into the month of Ramadaan for this year.
The below articles are extracted from this book:

Zakah (Obligatory Charity)

Zakah (Obligatory Charity)

Recipients of Zakah

Fatwa on Zakah - Gold & Silver

Az-Zakah is due on whatever wealth is owned a year and reaches the minimum amount.
Question:
A person saved a sum of money from his own earnings. Most of it he possessed for a year, but he spent it on some things that would bring benefit to himself. Therefore, he asks whether it is obligatory for him to pay Az-Zakah on it.
Answer:
Whatever wealth he saved or owned for a year while it had reached the minimum required amount, then Az-Zakah is due on it. This is the case even if he spent some of it after that on marriage or anything similar. If he did not pay the Zakah of his wealth which was due upon, then it is still due from him and he is responsible for it. It is incumbent upon him to pay it. However, what he did not possess for a year of his wealth due to his spending from it before a year’s time, then there is no Zakah due upon it.
Permanent Committee for Research and Verdicts
Fatawa Islamiyah, DARUSSALAM, Vol.3, Page Nos. 160/161
Paying Az-Zakah in advance is permissible.
Question:
I am an employee who receives a salary, and every month I save a portion of it. There is not a specific percentage for the savings, so how do I pay the Zakah of this wealth?
Answer:
What is obligatory upon you is to pay the Zakah of every amount that you save if you have possessed it for a year. If you pay the Zakah of all of the money when a year has passed on the first amount that was saved, then that is sufficient. In this way, the Zakah of the latter sums is considered as being paid in advance before the completion of their year. And paying Az-Zakah in advance before it is possessed for a complete year is permissible, especially if there is a need for it or a religious benefit in that.
Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz
Fatawa Islamiyah, DARUSSALAM, Vol.3, Page No. 165

The ruling of Az-Zakah on Jewellery, Diamonds and precious Stones
Question:
I am a married woman and I am almost 30 years old. For approximately 24 years I have had pieces of gold that are not kept for business. They are only for beautification and some times I sell them. Then I add some money to their price and buy better jewelry. Now I have some jewellery and I have herd that it is obligatory to pay Az-Zakah on gold that is kept for beautification. Thus, I would like a clarification of this matter for myself. If Az-Zakah was obligatory on me what is the ruling of the past period of time during which I did not pay Az-Zakah on the jewellery? This is while keeping in mind that I am not able to estimate the amount of gold that I had during all of these long years.
Answer:
Az-Zakah is obligatory on you from the time you knew it was obligatory on you to pay Az-Zakah on jewellery. Whatever occurred before that in the previous years before your knowledge of this, then you do not have to pay Az-Zakah for it. This is because the Islamic laws only become obligatory after they are known. The amount that must be paid is 2.5% if the jewellery reaches the minimum amount required for Az-Zakah, which is 20 Mithqal (gold). This is equivalent to 11.5 Saudi Junayhs. If gold jewellery reaches this amount or more, then Az-Zakah must be paid on it. For every 1000 Junayhs, 25 Junayhs is due. In reference to silver, its minimum amount before Az-Zakah is due is 140 Mithqal, which is equivalent to it of monetary currency. The amount that must be paid is 2.5% just like with gold.
In reference to diamond and other stones, no Zakah is due on them if they are for wearing. However, if they are for sale, then Az-Zakah is obligatory on them according to their value in gold and silver if they reach the minimum amount required for Az-Zakah. And Allaah is the Giver of success.
Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz
Fatawa Islamiyah, DARUSSALAM, Vol.3, Page Nos. 178/179
Az-Zakah on Jewellery is obligatory on its Owner
Question:
My wife has gold that she wears that reaches the minimum amount required for Az-Zakah. Is there any Zakah due on it? Is paying its Zakah obligatory on me or on my wife? Is Az-Zakah given from the jewellery itself or is its value determined and then Az-Zakah paid according to the value?
Answer:
Az-Zakah is obligatory on jewellery that is made of gold and silver if its weight reaches the minimum amount required for Az-Zakah, which is 20 Mithqal of gold and 140 Mithqal of silver. The minimum amount of gold in the current currency is equal to 11 (and three sevenths) Saudi Junayhs. If the gold jewellery reaches this amount or more, Az-Zakah must be paid on it, even if it is only for wearing according to the most correct view of the scholars.
The minimum amount of silver required for Az-Zakah is 56 Saudi Riyals (of silver). If the silver jewellery reaches this amount or more, Az-Zakah must be paid on it. The amount of Az-Zakah to be paid is 2.5% of gold, silver and sale merchandise. This is 2½ out of 100 or 25 out of 1000. Any amount more than this is calculated in this way.
Az-Zakah is due upon the woman who owns the jewellery. If her husband or other than him pays it on her behalf with her permission, there is nothing wrong with that. It is not obligatory to give the Zakah from the jewellery itself. Rather, it suffices to pay its value every time a year passes on it. This is according to the value of gold and silver in the market at the completion of the year’s time. And Allaah is the Giver of success.
Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz
Fatawa Islamiyah, DARUSSALAM, Vol.3, Page Nos. 180/181
Who is considered eligible to receive the Zakaat ?
It does not befit that the Zakaat be given to the one who does not utilize it for obedience to Allaah. For indeed Allaah The Most High has obligated it as an aid towards obedience to Him for whosoever is in need of it from the believers, such as the poor and those under debt or one who helps the believers.
So whoever does not pray from the people who are needy should not be given anything until he repents; and until he adheres to the performance of the prayers in their correct times.
Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah
Ikhtiyaaraat al-Fiqhiyyah min Fataawaa Shaikh ul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah page 103
Translated by Aboo Haatim Muhammad Farooq

he particular group of people to whom the Zakaat ul Fitr is to be distributed to
The Scholars have differed concerning the issue of distributing the Zakaat ul Fitr, such that there are two sayings:
The first saying: That it is to be distributed amongst the eight types of individuals that have been mentioned by Allaah in Soorah At-Tawbah in His saying:
((Indeed the Sadaqaat (obligatory Zakaat) are for the poor and the destitute and those employed to collect (the funds); and for those whose hearts have inclined (towards Islaam), and to free the captives; and for those in debt, and in the Path of Allaah (the Mujahideen), and for the wayfarer: an obligation imposed by Allaah, and Allaah is All-Knower All-Wise.)) Soorah At-Tawbah: 60
This is a saying which is well-known from amongst the Shaafi’ee’s.
The second saying: Is that it is not to be distributed except amongst the poor and the destitute as occurs in the Hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas which preceded in which there was the statement: ((a sustenance for the destitute))*.
Ibn Al-Qayyim (rahimahullaah) said: ((It was from his guidance (Sallalaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) that he would specify those that were destitute for this particular Sadaqah, so he would not distribute it amongst the eight types of people – handful by handful. Nor did he command for that to be done that way, nor did any one of the companions do that, nor did those that came after them. Rather it is one of two sayings with us that it is impermissible to give it except to the destitute in particular.))
So this is the saying which is to be taken, except if you see dire need amongst someone from the other categories or an acceptable advantage by way of the Sharee’ah (to give it such), in which case it is to be given from this Sadaqah after it has been given to the poor and the destitute – in an ample portion. This is because it is a means of sustenance for them as has been established through that narration.
Here arises an issue which should be taken into consideration which is:
That it is permissible for one individual person to distribute his Zakaat to either one destitute person or to a number of them. Just as it is (allowed) for a group of people to give their fitrah to a single poor person so long as they are not committing an injustice in the right of the others who are present.
The second issue which is also recommended to pay attention to is that: It is impermissible to give it to those that it is impermissible to give the Zakaat to in accordance to that which we mentioned concerning the Zakaat of the types of wealth. And Allaah Knows best.
__________________________
*The full text of the Hadeeth:
((Allaah’s Messenger (Sallalaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) ordered the giving of Zakaat ul Fitr as a purification for the fasting person from idle talk and obscenity, and as a sustenance for the poor. So whosoever gives it before the prayer (of ‘Eid) then it is an accepted Zakaat, and whosoever gives it after the prayer, then it is a Sadaqah (charity) from the Sadaqaat.))
Reported by Aboo Dawood in the book of Zakaat chapter: Zakaat ul Fitr; number 1609 and Ibn Maajah in the book of Zakaat chapter: Sadaqatul Fitr; number 1827and Ad-Daaraqutnee in the book of Zakaat ul Fitr number 1.
Shaykh Zayd al-Madkhalee
Al-Afnaan an-nadiyyah sharh mandhoomah as-subul as-sawiyyah le-Fiqh As-Sunan al-marwiyyah vol 3 pages 97-98
Translated by Aboo Haatim Muhammad Farooq